Analysis on the flexible packaging of Medicine

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Analysis of flexible packaging of medicine since the reform and opening up, no matter what riding experience drivers have or what riding experience they hope to get, China's pharmaceutical packaging production enterprises have experienced the baptism of market economy, and have taken a gratifying step in establishing a modern enterprise system with clear property rights, clear rights and responsibilities, separation of government and enterprises, and separate management disciplines. At present, China's pharmaceutical packaging industry has more than 2000 large and small enterprises, which can produce more than 30 varieties of pharmaceutical packaging materials in six categories, which can basically meet the needs of the domestic pharmaceutical industry, and the annual sales volume has accounted for about 15% of the sales volume of the whole pharmaceutical industry

judging from the current application and development of pharmaceutical packaging containers in China, we should speed up the promotion and application of plastic containers for pharmaceutical oral liquids, with specifications ranging from 100 ml to 200 ml. the raw materials used are polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and new materials pen, including the development of high-quality pet plastic bottles that are dark and have scales on the containers or with measuring cups to replace low-quality glass bottles. As the pills, capsules and powders of traditional Chinese medicine in China have a large development space in the international market, it is necessary to speed up the development of plastic hollow container packaging of traditional Chinese medicine. For example, plastic hollow containers made of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP), pet, pen and other materials are used, and injection blow molding and injection drawing blow molding processes are adopted. The mouth of the hollow container is sealed with aluminum foil electromagnetic induction gasket to increase the safety protection of the packaging container for drugs, and eliminate the backward packaging of drugs with yellow round glass bottle sealing wax

according to the "99 annual industrial report" published by the business and Economic Research Institute under the flexible packaging Association in Washington DC, the pharmaceutical packaging will become the second largest economic growth point of flexible packaging in the next five years. The report also pointed out that in addition to the strong development momentum of medical supplies, the packaging of medical supplies is also developing rapidly. The use of thermoformed extruded blister packaging with controllable dose to replace bulk or bottled drug packaging has come out. In the plastic composite film bag packaging of granules, powders, powders and capsules of traditional Chinese medicine, which are mainly popularized and applied in China, the following varieties are mainly developed:

first, biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP) film. This kind of film has good transparency, heat resistance and barrier property. When it is used in the outer layer of composite bags, it can be compounded with LDPE, e-va, EEA, EAA or aluminum foil with good heat sealing property, which can greatly improve the stiffness and physical and mechanical properties of the composite film. If PVDC with excellent moisture-proof and barrier properties is coated on BOPP base film, its impermeability can be greatly improved

II. Cast polypropylene film (CPP). It has good heat sealing property and is mostly used for the inner layer of composite packaging bags. After vacuum aluminizing, it can be compounded with BOPP, pet, OPA and Pt

III. polyester film (PET). Biaxially stretched polyester film has extremely high mechanical strength and rigidity, extremely high heat resistance, excellent drug resistance, excellent transparency and gloss, small water and oxygen permeability, and particularly good taste retention, which is unmatched by all other films

IV. polyvinylidene chloride film (PVDC). It is a kind of film with the best barrier performance, which is divided into heat-resistant coating films, such as gas barrier PP, CPE, pet and coated PVDC film. The development of low-cost PVDC coating/PP composite film can be used not only in drug packaging, but also in heat-resistant coating and packaging of heated food. PVDC film is more widely used and can be used to package natural dairy products. It has oxygen resistance and can prevent mold from producing carbon dioxide during its ripening process. At the same time, it can also be designed as a gas blocking PVDC film bag with a pressure reducing valve. It can be used under high temperature and high humidity conditions. During transportation and storage, it has excellent resistance to oxygen and moisture. PVDC coated composite film for medicine and food is used in the production of high-temperature cooking sterilization bags and fresh-keeping and anti-corrosion bags in China. At present, the imported PVDC coating film has been widely used in the packaging of meat products, cakes, tea, solid drinks, and plays a role in preventing water loss, blocking gas, maintaining flavor, corrosion prevention, preservation and so on

v. aluminized film. Vacuum aluminum coating is a thin film product that evaporates aluminum onto various base films under high vacuum. The aluminum coating is very thin. At present, vacuum aluminized films such as PETP, CPP, Pt, OPP and PE are widely used in the outer packaging of powders, granules and powders of traditional Chinese medicine, among which the vacuum aluminized films of PETP, CPP and PE are the most widely used. In addition to the characteristics of plastic base film, vacuum aluminized film also has beautiful decoration and good barrier property. In particular, after various plastic substrates are plated with such "metamaterials" and are expected to be used in automobile manufacturing in the future, the light transmittance, oxygen permeability and water vapor permeability will be reduced by dozens or hundreds of times. When used in drug packaging, it can prevent drugs from mildew, moisture and deterioration, and ensure the drug safety of consumers, It can be used as a good material in drug packaging and is one of the excellent packaging materials to be developed in the future

VI. fluorohalogenated hydrocarbon film. This plastic film is a copolymer of chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE). Generally, the speed range is narrow. If there is high speed, there will be no low speed or if there is low speed, there will be no high speed. High speed is nonflammable, with excellent barrier property and transparency. The film has a unique range of applications. At present, there are two kinds of such films, namely CTFE and ethylene trifluoroethylene copolymer. CTFE film is still soft below minus 320, and its melting point is between 360 and 400, depending on its grade and degree of crystallization. CTFE is chemically inert and can withstand the erosion of strong chemicals that metals, ceramics and other plastics cannot withstand. In addition, the water vapor permeability of CTFE film is lower than that of any other plastic film. In fact, its moisture absorption is equal to zero, and it can be compounded with various substrates, such as PE, PVC, pet, nylon, iron aluminum foil, etc. it can also be sprayed or plated with metal by vacuum spraying aluminum method. CTFE film and its composites are mainly used to pack tablets and capsules that need high moisture resistance

VII. Blister packaging of drugs. Also known as blister eye packaging, referred to as PTP, is one of the forms of flexible packaging of drugs. Because this kind of packaging has many advantages, it is more and more popular with drug users. In recent years, blister packaging and PTP materials of drugs have sprung up in the field of drug packaging in China, which has played an important role in changing the backward appearance of drug packaging in China and narrowing the gap with foreign drug packaging materials

the main material used for blister packaging is aluminum foil for drug packaging (PTP aluminum foil), which is made of hard industrial pure aluminum foil as the substrate, with text patterns printed on the surface and coated with protective agent, and adhesive on the other side. The function of applying protective agent is to prevent the ink from contacting with the inner adhesive and causing the drug to be polluted. The function of adhesive is to bond PTP aluminum foil and plastic hard sheet, so that the drugs are sealed. The requirements for PTP aluminum foil are strict, and the main indicators include: the number of pinholes, the heat sealing strength of the bonding layer, the adhesion of the protective layer, the heat resistance of the protective layer, the rupture strength, the content of volatile substances, easy oxides and heavy metals, abnormal toxicity, etc. Another material used for blister packaging is plastic hard sheet. At present, the most used material is polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is generally 0.25mm thick. PVC hard sheet has good processing formability, heat sealing, transparency, barrier and mechanical strength

the application of the above materials ensures the barrier and health safety required by drug packaging. Because the blister packaging of drugs has the advantages of good protective performance for drugs, fast production speed, low cost, convenient medication for patients, small storage space, light weight and convenient transportation, all pharmaceutical enterprises of all sizes in China are equipped with several or dozens of drug blister packaging machines, which use PTP blister packaging materials to package their own drugs. Therefore, blister packaging materials have developed rapidly and have become the most common packaging form of ordinary or precious drugs. Its advantages are obvious, its application will be more and more extensive, and its prospect is promising

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